News & publications

MACN Updates

+ December 2016: "Say No to Corruption" Blog

BSR's MACN team published a blog to publicize the impacts and achievements of MACN over the last five years. The blog also highlighted the methodology underlying MACN's collective action success. "These collective actions have resulted in tangible outcomes and long-term impacts, including the passing of new legislation (in Argentina), a decrease in waiting times, and a decrease in demands." Read more.

+ December 2016: Jakarta Members Meeting Summary Now Available

Following a successful Members Meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia, the summary notes are now available for members on OneHub. At the meeting, BSR representatives presented the 2020 Strategy, which was well received and which sets a strong direction for the network. In-country actions are also progressing well, and there is a desire on the part of members for more Say No campaigns. Read more.

+ October 2016: New Regulation to be Passed in Argentina

A new regulation based on MACN's collective action in Argentina will be passed on 1 November and will come into operation immediately. The regulation will introduce a number of changes, including: introducing inspectors’ rotation in ports and terminals; increasing the timeframe allowed for remedying hold’s deficiencies; and strengthening control mechanisms by creating a new Technical Appeals Tribunal, developing a risk matrix on the basis of which inspections will be supervised, and establishing a trustworthy whistleblowing hotline.

We would like to invite members to an update call where our partner Gov Latam will brief us on the latest developments and next steps that are relevant to MACN members. The call will be held on October 18 at 3 p.m. CET. Contact mbenderson@bsr.org if you are interested in participating.

+ September 2016: Sam Megwa Accepts Role of MACN Chair

We are pleased to announce that Mr. Sam Megwa of BP Shipping has been voted into and has accepted the role of MACN Chair and Mr. John Sypnowich of The CSL Group has accepted the nomination for Vice-Chair. We would like to extend our appreciation and thanks to Mrs. Cecilia Müller-Torbrand for her leadership and drive in bringing the MACN organisation to its current level, and we look forward to welcoming her back to the Steering Committee after her leave.

+ August 2016: A Conversation With The Vice Chairman Of MACN

John Sypnowich is chief legal and compliance officer at The CSL Group Inc., a world-leading provider of marine dry bulk cargo handling and delivery services. He serves on the steering committee of MACN and is currently the vice chairman. We sat down with John to discuss anticorruption trends, collective action, and next steps for MACN. Read more.

+ June 2016: UKFCO Funds Phase 2 Of Collective Action In Indonesia

BSR has received funding from the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (UKFCO) for the second phase of a collective action in Indonesia. Phase 2 will focus on improving transparency of container tracking in Port Tanjung Priok, and promoting a cashless system for Export Permits. MACN is preparing briefing materials for industry and a media event in Jakarta. If you would like to get involved, please contact us.

MACN and BSR were proud partners of the OECD's Integrity Forum 2016. Entitled "Fighting the Hidden Tariff: The Global Trade without Corruption", the Integrity Forum gathered over a thousand participants in London to shape the anti-corruption debate. The Integrity Forum highlighted the importance of collective action, and singled out MACN as a successful example of building a knowledgebase and closing the gap between practice and theory.

Read more

+ April 2016: "Say No" Campaign Gains Ground in Egypt

The pilot phase of the concerted "Say No" campaign, piloted by a number of MACN companies in the Suez Canal as part of a collective action launched on International Anti-Corruption Day in December 2015, ended recently. The campaign has decreased the frequency of demands for payments and has made it easier for captains to say no. Pilots are also reported to be less aggressive and more forthcoming. As a next step, MACN is preparing a full launch of the project.

+ The Fight Against Corruption Starts In The Charter-Party

Only in Danish:

Hvem har ansvaret, når et rederi udsættes for krav om bestikkelse? Ny anti-korruptionsklausul i Bimcos standardkontrakter sikrer, at rederier og lastejere arbejder sammen om at håndtere korruption.

Det kræver en massiv og koordineret indsats, hvis man skal bekæmpe korruption i f.eks. havne og ved maritime anlæg. Den nye anti-korruptionsklausul i standardkontrakterne sikrer, at rederierne orienterer lastejerne, hver gang et skib udsættes for forsøg på afpresning eller korruption. På den måde kan rederi og lastejer arbejde sammen om at løse problemet.

”Danmarks Rederiforening er særdeles tilfreds med den nye klausul fra Bimco. Vi er stærkt engageret i arbejdet med anti-korruption, ikke mindst via det internationale Maritime Anti-Corruption Network, MACN, hvor Rederiforeningen og en række danske rederier er medlemmer. Klausulen kan udgøre et godt værktøj for rederierne til at modstå krav om bestikkelse, uden at det indebærer høje omkostninger,” siger chefkonsulent Jesper Stubkjær, Danmarks Rederiforening.

+ Tackling Corruption Through Collective Action: A Q&A With Cecilia Müller Torbrand, Chair Of MACN

December 9, 2014 was International Anti-Corruption Day, and on December 10, 2014 the UN Global Compact celebrated the 10th anniversary of its Principle 10, which states, “Businesses should work against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and bribery.” Over the last decade, both the public and private sectors have made progress on raising awareness about the impact of corruption, including through the establishment of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention and the United Nations Convention against Corruption.

While we can celebrate this progress, corruption continues to negatively affect investment, trade, and economic growth, as well as equality and prosperity in communities. Corruption is identified as the top impediment to conducting business in 22 out of 144 economies, according to the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report.

Through our work within MACN, we have learned that individual corporate codes of conduct, industry self-regulation, government regulation, and civil society activism are all important measures to fight corruption, but that collective action across sectors and with other stakeholders is crucial to tackling corruption’s deep roots.

The Maritime Anti-Corruption Network (MACN)—a global business network working to eliminate corruption in the maritime industry—is one example of collective action at work.

We recently spoke to MACN’s Chair, Cecilia Müller Torbrand, who is also legal counsel for anticorruption and foreign trade controls at Maersk Group, about how far the network has come, where it’s going, and why she believes collective action is critical to mitigating corruption risks.

Tell us about the launch of MACN—where did the idea come from, and how has the network evolved?

At the end of 2010, Maersk explored whether industry peers were interested in collaborating on anticorruption efforts. We gave it a go, acting as the secretariat to build momentum. After a year, the network had grown, and it was time to make it more official, which we did in the beginning of 2012, with BSR named as the secretariat.

We were eight companies at the first meeting, and MACN has grown rapidly over the past two years, with 44 member companies in 2014, comprised of vessel-owning companies and others across the maritime supply chain.

Our members work on implementing MACN’s seven anticorruption principles and engage actively in our various work streams, which are the cornerstones of achieving our mission. One work stream, our Collective Actions Program, aims to identify specific challenges in hotspot regions and develop action-oriented recommendations to tackle bribery and corruption.

Why does MACN have a collective action approach?

MACN members recognize that they need to take a firm stance against corruption and actively fight it, while working with peers and stakeholders to achieve the systemic changes in the external operating environment required to eliminate corruption in the maritime industry.

The essence of the MACN collective action approach is that successful, lasting changes in the operating environment will only take full effect if they are supported by and beneficial to key stakeholders. MACN’s collective actions work is based on stakeholder inclusiveness, local ownership, and transparency.

Can you provide an example of a collective action program that you have undertaken?

In 2012 and 2013, MACN conducted a risk assessment study in the Nigerian port sector with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Technical Unit on Governance and Anti-Corruption Reforms (TUGAR) to identify the main drivers of corruption in the sector and specific actions that public and private sector stakeholders could take to fight against it. Some of the main challenges included weak internal ethics infrastructure and enforcement practices in port agencies (such as lack of codes of conduct), underdeveloped systems for investigating complaints around demands for bribes or facilitation payments, and the absence of an effective system to handle grievances and protect whistleblowers.

The study recommended three short-term actions to contribute to the elimination of corruption the Nigerian Port Sector:

  • Develop capacity building programs to strengthen transparency and accountability of port stakeholders
  • Develop and clarify standard operating procedures of port stakeholders
  • Establish a port-level complaints mechanism for potential or actual acts of corruption

BSR and MACN also developed a summary brief of the original report (which was prepared by TUGAR).

What are MACN’s plans for 2015?

MACN aims to explore collective action programs in more countries where corruption is prevalent. We need to multiply the effects of individual action and create collective action to guarantee transparency in business, ensure fair competition, foster a level playing field, and strengthen good business practices.

Watch a video from the BSR Conference 2014 about the Maritime Anti-Corruption Network featuring BSR’s Angie Farrag-Thibault and UNDP’s Magdy Martínez-Solimán.

[1]: mailto: macn@bsr.org


Where MACN Will Be

MACN representatives will be present at the following events. If you, as an MACN member, are interested in speaking at one of these events, please do not hesitate to contact us. 

1 March 2017: Digital Ship Week | Copenhagen, Denmark

17 March 2017Global Anti-corruption, Compliance & Ethics Summit 2017 | Lisbon, Portugal

31 March 20172017 OECD Global Anti-Corruption & Integrity Forum | Paris, France

25 April 2017: Singapore Maritime Week | Singapore

26-27 April 2017: MACN Members Meeting | Dubai, UAE

 


Publications

MACN Impact Report 2016

The MACN Impact Report assesses and highlights MACN’s progress since its inception in 2011. It includes MACN’s Theory of Change, the impact MACN has had so far on Corporate Practices and Operating Environments, and a focus on MACN’s 2020 Strategy. 

In particular, the report reflects on MACN's progress against the 10-Point Plan of 2014. In Nigeria, Indonesia, Egypt, and Argentina, MACN has pursued collective actions that have resulted in tangible outcomes and long-term impacts, including the passing of new legislation (in Argentina), a decrease in waiting times, and a decrease in demands. Elsewhere, MACN has helped to strengthen the policies and processes of our members to empower captains to say no to demands. MACN members are using the anonymous incident reporting mechanism to share challenges, with significant uptake.


Corruption Risk Assessment in the Nigerian Port Sector: MACN Executive Summary

This brief summarizes a report on corruption risk assessment in the Nigerian port sector that set out to understand the main drivers of corruption, identify specific measures for addressing such drivers, and catalyze action among public and private sector stakeholders.

By issuing this report, BSR hopes to share the main report findings, as well as an introduction to the Maritime Anti-Corruption Network’s collective action approach, with a wider public and private sector audience, to inspire cross-sector collaboration in other parts of the global maritime supply chain, and demonstrate the potential strength of multistakeholder collective action.

The full report, prepared by the Nigerian Technical Unit on Government and Anti-Corruption Reforms, can be downloaded below. It was co-financed by the United Nations Development Programme and MACN, of which BSR is the secretariat and lead facilitator. 

 

Media Contacts

If you are a member of the media and have a question about MACN, please send an email through the form below.

Joining MACN

As a member of MACN you make an important contribution to the elimination of corruption in the maritime industry.

Facts

10% - According to the United Nations, corruption adds 10 percent or more to the cost of doing business in many parts of the world.